Electronic Plants

Ros i elektroniskt experiment
Integrating electronics in plants for biohybrids systems, plant optimization and monitoring. 

A new technological concept based on the integration of electronics within living plants.

Principal Investigator: Eleni Stavrinidou 

Augmented functionality in plants - Biohybrid systems

In-vivo polymerized conducting wires in the vascular tissue of rose.Photo credit Thor BalkhedWe use conjugated oligomers and polymers that self-organize and polymerize in-vivo forming conductors driven by the plants physiology and templated by the plant’s structure. We aim to extend the functionality of these conductors into devices for energy harvesting, storage and sensing. In addition we focus on the fundamentals and gain insight on the abiotic-biotic interface and communication. Can we template electronics in plants? Can we affect plants biochemistry with electronics? Can plants be parts of our technology? All these questions drive our research.
Relevant publications: Science Advances, 2015, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1501136; PNAS, 2015, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1616456114

Bioelectronic devices for plant monitoring and optimization- Tools for plant biologist, agriculture and forestry

 Real time monitoring of glucose export from isolated chloroplast using an OECT. Real time monitoring of glucose export from isolated chloroplast using an OECT. We design and develop bioelectronic devices, sensors and actuators, based on organic electronic and iontronic materials for plant interface and perform proof of concept studies both in-vitro and in-vivo. Plant bioelectronic devices define new means for decoding and manipulating plant biology from the cellular level to the organism level. These devices offer unique characteristics including dynamic control of physiology and signaling monitoring with high spatiotemporal resolution and they are compatible with wild type and genetically engineered plants. This technology will provide a foundation for revolutionizing plant interface for fundamental science, agriculture and forestry.
Relevant publications: Advanced Materials Technologies, 2019, doi: 10.1002/admt.201900262

Multifunctional forest based materials

 We functionalise materials from the forest such as nanocellulose and woodchips with electronic smart materials. The aim is to create multifunctional, environmentally friendly composites that can be used in a variety of applications.


A unique lab facility that allows plant growth in a controlled environment and development, characterization and integration of electronic devices and materials in plants.

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Hybrid electronics based on photosynthetic organisms

HyPhOE aims to establish a revolutionary symbiosis between photosynthetic organisms and technology, and to rethink and re-establish the concept of green technology. ….

Wallenberg Wood Science Center

WWSC is a joint research center and collaboration between KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Chalmers University of Technology and Linköping University. The base is a donation from Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation. The forest industry is supporting WWSC via the national platform Treesearch.  


Treesearch is Sweden’s so far largest investment in creating a collaboration platform for fundamental research, knowledge and competence building in the field of new materials and speciality chemicals from forest raw material. The platform is a collaboration between academia, industry, private foundations.

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Principal Investigator
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E-plant research images
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electronic-plants-LiU-3 Thor Balkhed
electronic-plants-LiU-2 Thor Balkhed
electronic-plants-LiU-5 Thor Balkhed
electronic-plants-LiU-4 Thor Balkhed
electronic-plants-LiU-7 Thor Balkhed
electronic-plants-LiU-8 Thor Balkhed
electronic-plants-LiU-9 Thor Balkhed

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