Electronic Plants

Ros i elektroniskt experiment

A new technological concept based on the integration of electronics within living plants.

Principal Investigator: Eleni Stavrinidou 

Electronic plants (E-Plants) is an organic bioelectronics platform that allows electronic interface with living plants.

The concept of E-Plants was introduced in 2015 (Science Advances), when we demonstrated plants augmented with electronic functionality for the first time. Using the vascular system and organs of a plant, organic electronic devices and circuits were manufactured in vivo, leveraging the internal structure and physiology of the plant as both the template and an integral part of the devices.

Our research aims to develop a technology based on in vivo manufacturing techniques and self-organization of organic electronic materials, targeting new device concepts for energy applications, production of new materials, plant control, and hybrid systems.

In addition, we are developing sensors and actuators based on organic bioelectronics for feedback-regulated control of plant physiology, signaling, communication and plant optimization for basic science and application in agriculture and the forest industry.



Tom J. Zajdel, Moshe Baruch, Gábor Méhes, Eleni Stavrinidou, Magnus Berggren, Michel M. Maharbiz, Daniel Simon, Caroline M. Ajo-Franklin

PEDOT:PSS-based Multilayer Bacterial-Composite Films for Bioelectronics

In Scientific Reports

Article in journal


Anton Volkov, Sandeep Kumar Singh, Eleni Stavrinidou, Roger Gabrielsson, Felipe Franco Gonzalez, Alex Cruce, Weimin Chen, Daniel Simon, Magnus Berggren, Igor Zozoulenko

Spectroelectrochemistry and Nature of Charge Carriers in Self-Doped Conducting Polymer

In , Advanced Electronic Materials

Article in journal

Juan Felipe Franco Gonzalez, Eleni Pavlopoulou, Eleni Stavrinidou, Roger Gabrielsson, Daniel T Simon, Magnus Berggren, Igor V Zozoulenko

Morphology of a self-doped conducting oligomer for green energy applications

In Nanoscale

Article in journal

Eleni Stavrinidou, Roger Gabrielsson, K. Peter R. Nilsson, Sandeep Kumar Singh, Juan Felipe Franco- Gonzalez, Anton V. Volkov, Magnus P. Jonsson, Andrea Grimoldi, Mathias Elgland, Igor V. Zozoulenko, Daniel Simon, Magnus Berggren

In vivo polymerization and manufacturing of wires and supercapacitors in plants

In Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Article in journal

Anne Geraldine Guex, Jennifer L. Puetzer, Astrid Armgarth, Elena Littmann, Eleni Stavrinidou, Emmanuel P. Giannelis, George G. Malliaras, Molly M. Stevens

Highly porous scaffolds of PEDOT:PSS for bone tissue engineering

In Acta Biomaterialia

Article in journal


Principal Investigator


E-plant research images

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