Physical Chemistry, Thermodynamics, 6 credits (NKEB02)

Fysikalisk kemi, termodynamik, 6 hp

Main field of study



First cycle

Course type

Programme course


Lars Ojamäe

Director of studies or equivalent

Magdalena Svensson
Course offered for Semester Period Timetable module Language Campus VOF
6KKEM Chemistry, Bachelor´s Programme 3 (Autumn 2017) 2 3 Swedish Linköping o
6IKEA Chemical Analysis Engineering, B Sc in Engineering 5 (Autumn 2017) 2 3 Swedish Linköping v
6KKEB Chemical Biology, Bachelor's Programme 3 (Autumn 2017) 2 3 Swedish Linköping o

Main field of study


Course level

First cycle

Advancement level


Course offered for

  • Chemistry, Bachelor´s Programme
  • Chemical Analysis Engineering, B Sc in Engineering
  • Chemical Biology, Bachelor's Programme

Entry requirements

Note: Admission requirements for non-programme students usually also include admission requirements for the programme and threshold requirements for progression within the programme, or corresponding.


General chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and also Mathematics with basic algebra and differential and integral calculus.

Intended learning outcomes

The course should give a fundamental knowledge in the theory of thermodynamics and also give an explanation on thermodynamic base of physical and technical processes. To achieve those goals the student should able to:

  • Describe properties of ideal and real gases and the diffreneces between them.
  • Account for the condensation of gases and critical phenomena
  • Use concepts of thermochemistry to explain the energetics of chemical reactions.
  • Describe the concepts of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics, and be able to explain spontaneous processes, and the impacts on them from the conditions applied.
  • Use and make up phase diagrams in systems of one or more components and account for practical applications.
  • Perform calculations on chemical equilibria and describe the impacts on them from outer conditions, and give some practical examples.
  • Analyse, compile and account for laboratory exercise results in written reports.
  • Deduce if experimental or calculated results are reasonable.

Course content

Thermodynamics: The idea of a state and the state equations of ideal and real gases. The first law of thermodynamics, heat, work and thermochemistry. The second law, entropy and spontaneous reactions. Gibbs free energy and equilibria. Phase diagrams for one and two component systems. Chemical equilibria and their dependence on the applied conditions

Teaching and working methods

Lectures/lessons, laborations and computer exercises.


LAB1Laboratory workU, G1.5 credits
TEN1Written examinationU, 3, 4, 54.5 credits


Four-grade scale, LiU, U, 3, 4, 5

Other information

Supplementary courses: Physical Chemistry, Spectroscopy, Biochemistry 2.


Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi

Director of Studies or equivalent

Magdalena Svensson


Lars Ojamäe

Education components

Preliminary scheduled hours: 54 h
Recommended self-study hours: 106 h

Course literature

P. Atkins & J. de Paula: Atkins´ Physical Chemistry Problemsamling och laborationskompendier
P. Atkins & J. de Paula: Atkins´ Physical Chemistry Problemsamling och laborationskompendier
LAB1 Laboratory work U, G 1.5 credits
TEN1 Written examination U, 3, 4, 5 4.5 credits

Regulations (apply to LiU in its entirety)

The university is a government agency whose operations are regulated by legislation and ordinances, which include the Higher Education Act and the Higher Education Ordinance. In addition to legislation and ordinances, operations are subject to several policy documents. The Linköping University rule book collects currently valid decisions of a regulatory nature taken by the university board, the vice-chancellor and faculty/department boards.

LiU’s rule book for education at first-cycle and second-cycle levels is available at 

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