Planning of Air Traffic, 6 credits (TNK051)

Planering av flygtrafik, 6 hp

Main field of study

Transportation Systems Engineering


Second cycle

Course type

Programme course


Christiane Schmidt

Director of studies or equivalent

Erik Bergfeldt
Course offered for Semester Period Timetable module Language Campus VOF
6CKTS Communication and Transportation Engineering, M Sc in Engineering 7 (Autumn 2018) 1 3 Swedish Norrköping v
6CKTS Communication and Transportation Engineering, M Sc in Engineering 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 3 Swedish Norrköping v

Main field of study

Transportation Systems Engineering

Course level

Second cycle

Advancement level


Course offered for

  • Communication and Transportation Engineering, M Sc in Engineering

Entry requirements

Note: Admission requirements for non-programme students usually also include admission requirements for the programme and threshold requirements for progression within the programme, or corresponding.


Transport System, Industrial Economics, Optimization, Object-Oriented Programming, Physical Modelling.

Intended learning outcomes

This course will provide a general overview of the air transportation system, and give the students the ability to identify and handle planning problems that may occur. By the conclusion of the course participants should have a general understanding of how commercial air traffic is handled by airlines, aviation authorities and airports, as well as how these entities interact and coordinate with each other. In particular, the course will develop and strengthen the participants’ abilities in the following areas:

  • Apply knowledge and methods from a wide range of previous courses, and when required, acquire new knowledge
  • Integrate knowledge from multiple disciplines, like e.g. logistics and transportation planning, economics, optimization, programming and automatic control, and apply these in new contexts.
  • Analyze and structure relevant planning problems in the air transportation system.
  • Take initiative and find creative solutions, as well as present these in a professional manner.
  • Search for and critically judge relevant information from different sources.
  • Develop simple computerbased tools for analysis of planning problems in the air traffic sector.

Course content

Planning of Air Traffic will be comprised of input from three areas: airlines, air traffic controllers and airports. The airlines’ primary goal when planning is to achieve the most efficient transportation of passengers and or goods between various airports. For this to be possible, airlines need to offer their services at airports where these services are necessary or requested. Airlines need to have an appropriate fleet of aircraft as well as an effective schedule in order to meet these needs while flying the routes and times that are most profitable. Airlines are an airport’s primary customers, but airports also profit indirectly from passengers who use the additional services they provide, e.g. restaurants and boutiques. In order to create an effective flow of passengers, cargo and airplanes to and from airports, a well developed infrastructure and support organization is necessary. Air traffic control authorities, in Sweden primarily the Swedish Civil Aviation Administration (SCAA), have the main objective of guaranteeing safe air traffic, but they are also responsible for managing the total flow of aircraft to reduce congestion and delays. During the course, planning problems from all actors will be considered.

Teaching and working methods

In addition to participation in lectures and seminars, and partaking of course literature, the participant is required to submit a number of “hand-in” assignments. One field trip will be taken, if possible.


UPG2Hand-in assignmentsU, 3, 4, 56 credits


Four-grade scale, LiU, U, 3, 4, 5


Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap

Director of Studies or equivalent

Erik Bergfeldt


Christiane Schmidt

Education components

Preliminary scheduled hours: 52 h
Recommended self-study hours: 108 h

Course literature

Barnhart, Cynthia, Belobaba, Peter, Odoni, Amedeo R., (2003) Applications of Operations Research in the Air Transport Industry
<searchLink fieldCode="JN" term="%22Transportation+Science%22">Transportation Science</searchLink>. Nov2003, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p368-391. 24p.


Barnhart, Cynthia, Belobaba, Peter, Odoni, Amedeo R., (2003) Applications of Operations Research in the Air Transport Industry

<searchLink fieldCode="JN" term="%22Transportation+Science%22">Transportation Science</searchLink>. Nov2003, Vol. 37 Issue 4, p368-391. 24p.

UPG2 Hand-in assignments U, 3, 4, 5 6 credits

Course syllabus

A syllabus has been established for each course. The syllabus specifies the aim and contents of the course, and the prior knowledge that a student must have in order to be able to benefit from the course.


Courses are timetabled after a decision has been made for this course concerning its assignment to a timetable module. A central timetable is not drawn up for courses with fewer than five participants. Most project courses do not have a central timetable.

Interrupting a course

The vice-chancellor’s decision concerning regulations for registration, deregistration and reporting results (Dnr LiU-2015-01241) states that interruptions in study are to be recorded in Ladok. Thus, all students who do not participate in a course for which they have registered must record the interruption, such that the registration on the course can be removed. Deregistration from a course is carried out using a web-based form: 

Cancelled courses

Courses with few participants (fewer than 10) may be cancelled or organised in a manner that differs from that stated in the course syllabus. The board of studies is to deliberate and decide whether a course is to be cancelled or changed from the course syllabus. 

Regulations relating to examinations and examiners 

Details are given in a decision in the university’s rule book:

Forms of examination


Written and oral examinations are held at least three times a year: once immediately after the end of the course, once in August, and once (usually) in one of the re-examination periods. Examinations held at other times are to follow a decision of the board of studies.

Principles for examination scheduling for courses that follow the study periods:

  • courses given in VT1 are examined for the first time in March, with re-examination in June and August
  • courses given in VT2 are examined for the first time in May, with re-examination in August and October
  • courses given in HT1 are examined for the first time in October, with re-examination in January and August
  • courses given in HT2 are examined for the first time in January, with re-examination at Easter and in August.

The examination schedule is based on the structure of timetable modules, but there may be deviations from this, mainly in the case of courses that are studied and examined for several programmes and in lower grades (i.e. 1 and 2). 

  • Examinations for courses that the board of studies has decided are to be held in alternate years are held only three times during the year in which the course is given.
  • Examinations for courses that are cancelled or rescheduled such that they are not given in one or several years are held three times during the year that immediately follows the course, with examination scheduling that corresponds to the scheduling that was in force before the course was cancelled or rescheduled.
  • If teaching is no longer given for a course, three examination occurrences are held during the immediately subsequent year, while examinations are at the same time held for any replacement course that is given, or alternatively in association with other re-examination opportunities. Furthermore, an examination is held on one further occasion during the next subsequent year, unless the board of studies determines otherwise.
  • If a course is given during several periods of the year (for programmes, or on different occasions for different programmes) the board or boards of studies determine together the scheduling and frequency of re-examination occasions.

Registration for examination

In order to take an examination, a student must register in advance at the Student Portal during the registration period, which opens 30 days before the date of the examination and closes 10 days before it. Candidates are informed of the location of the examination by email, four days in advance. Students who have not registered for an examination run the risk of being refused admittance to the examination, if space is not available.

Symbols used in the examination registration system:

  ** denotes that the examination is being given for the penultimate time.

  * denotes that the examination is being given for the last time.

Code of conduct for students during examinations

Details are given in a decision in the university’s rule book:

Retakes for higher grade

Students at the Institute of Technology at LiU have the right to retake written examinations and computer-based examinations in an attempt to achieve a higher grade. This is valid for all examination components with code “TEN” and "DAT". The same right may not be exercised for other examination components, unless otherwise specified in the course syllabus.

Retakes of other forms of examination

Regulations concerning retakes of other forms of examination than written examinations and computer-based examinations are given in the LiU regulations for examinations and examiners,


For examinations that involve the writing of reports, in cases in which it can be assumed that the student has had access to other sources (such as during project work, writing essays, etc.), the material submitted must be prepared in accordance with principles for acceptable practice when referring to sources (references or quotations for which the source is specified) when the text, images, ideas, data, etc. of other people are used. It is also to be made clear whether the author has reused his or her own text, images, ideas, data, etc. from previous examinations.

A failure to specify such sources may be regarded as attempted deception during examination.

Attempts to cheat

In the event of a suspected attempt by a student to cheat during an examination, or when study performance is to be assessed as specified in Chapter 10 of the Higher Education Ordinance, the examiner is to report this to the disciplinary board of the university. Possible consequences for the student are suspension from study and a formal warning. More information is available at


The grades that are preferably to be used are Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass not without distinction (4) and Pass with distinction (5). Courses under the auspices of the faculty board of the Faculty of Science and Engineering (Institute of Technology) are to be given special attention in this regard.

  1. Grades U, 3, 4, 5 are to be awarded for courses that have written examinations.
  2. Grades Fail (U) and Pass (G) may be awarded for courses with a large degree of practical components such as laboratory work, project work and group work.

Examination components

  1. Grades U, 3, 4, 5 are to be awarded for written examinations (TEN).
  2. Grades Fail (U) and Pass (G) are to be used for undergraduate projects and other independent work.
  3. Examination components for which the grades Fail (U) and Pass (G) may be awarded are laboratory work (LAB), project work (PRA), preparatory written examination (KTR), oral examination (MUN), computer-based examination (DAT), home assignment (HEM), and assignment (UPG).
  4. Students receive grades either Fail (U) or Pass (G) for other examination components in which the examination criteria are satisfied principally through active attendance such as other examination (ANN), tutorial group (BAS) or examination item (MOM).

The examination results for a student are reported at the relevant department.

Regulations (apply to LiU in its entirety)

The university is a government agency whose operations are regulated by legislation and ordinances, which include the Higher Education Act and the Higher Education Ordinance. In addition to legislation and ordinances, operations are subject to several policy documents. The Linköping University rule book collects currently valid decisions of a regulatory nature taken by the university board, the vice-chancellor and faculty/department boards.

LiU’s rule book for education at first-cycle and second-cycle levels is available at 

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