As the CMIV researchers are also affiliated to a home department at Linköping University or another university and their research is primarily registered there it can be difficult to overview. Here you will find a selection of the latest publications registered in the DiVA database.

research discussion Photo credit Emma Busk Winquist


Recent publications

09 Jan, 2024
Pulmonary function and atherosclerosis in the general population: causal associations and clinical implications

Reduced lung function is associated with cardiovascular mortality, but the relationships with atherosclerosis are unclear. The population-based Swedish CArdioPulmonary BioImage study measured lung function, emphysema, coronary CT angiography, coronary calcium, carotid plaques and ankle-brachial index in 29,593 men and women aged 50-64 years. The results were confirmed using 2-sample Mendelian randomization. Lower lung function and emphysema were associated with more atherosclerosis, but these relationships were attenuated after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors. Lung function was not associated with coronary atherosclerosis in 14,524 never-smokers. No potentially causal effect of lung function on atherosclerosis, or vice versa, was found in the 2-sample Mendelian randomization analysis. Here we show that reduced lung function and atherosclerosis are correlated in the population, but probably not causally related. Assessing lung function in addition to conventional cardiovascular risk factors to gauge risk of subclinical atherosclerosis is probably not meaningful, but low lung function found by chance should alert for atherosclerosis.

Publication in DiVA
23 Jan, 2024
Cross-vendor multiparametric mapping of the human brain using 3D-QALAS: A multicenter and multivendor study

Purpose: To evaluate a vendor-agnostic multiparametric mapping scheme based on 3D quantification using an interleaved Look-Locker acquisition sequence with a T2 preparation pulse (3D-QALAS) for whole-brain T1, T2, and proton density (PD) mapping.Methods: This prospective, multi-institutional study was conducted between September 2021 and February 2022 using five different 3T systems from four prominent MRI vendors. The accuracy of this technique was evaluated using a standardized MRI system phantom. Intra-scanner repeatability and inter-vendor reproducibility of T1, T2, and PD values were evaluated in 10 healthy volunteers (6 men; mean age +/- SD, 28.0 +/- 5.6 y) who underwent scan-rescan sessions on each scanner (total scans = 100). To evaluate the feasibility of 3D-QALAS, nine patients with multiple sclerosis (nine women; mean age +/- SD, 48.2 +/- 11.5 y) underwent imaging examination on two 3T MRI systems from different manufacturers.Results: Quantitative maps obtained with 3D-QALAS showed high linearity (R2 = 0.998 and 0.998 for T1 and T2, respectively) with respect to reference measurements. The mean intra-scanner coefficients of variation for each scanner and structure ranged from 0.4% to 2.6%. The mean structure-wise test-retest repeatabilities were 1.6%, 1.1%, and 0.7% for T1, T2, and PD, respectively. Overall, high inter-vendor reproducibility was observed for all parameter maps and all structure measurements, including white matter lesions in patients with multiple sclerosis.Conclusion: The vendor-agnostic multiparametric mapping technique 3D-QALAS provided reproducible measurements of T1, T2, and PD for human tissues within a typical physiological range using 3T scanners from four different MRI manufacturers.

Publication in DiVA
24 Jan, 2024
High Prevalence of Superficial and Deep Medial Collateral Ligament Injuries on Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears

Purpose: To assess the prevalence of and factors associated with medial collateral ligament (MCL) complex injuries on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears.Methods: Data were extracted from the Natural Corollaries and Recovery After ACL Injury (NACOX) multicenter longitudinal cohort study. Between May 2016 and October 2018, patients who presented to 1 of 7 health care clinics across Sweden with an ACL tear sustained no more than 6 weeks earlier and who were aged between 15 and 40 years at the time of injury were invited to participate. All the patients included in this study underwent MRI. The mean time from injury to MRI was 19.6 +/- 15.2 days. An orthopaedic surgeon specializing in knee surgery and a musculoskeletal radiologist reviewed all MRI scans. Injuries to the superficial MCL (sMCL), deep MCL (dMCL), and posterior oblique ligament were identified. Stepwise forward multiple binary logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate patient characteristics (age, sex, body mass index, preinjury Tegner activity level, and activity at injury) and injuries on MRI (lateral meniscus [LM] injury, medial meniscus [MM] injury, pivot shift-type bone bruising, medial femoral condyle [MFC] bone bruising, and lateral femoral condyle [LFC] impaction) associated with the presence of MCL complex tears.Results: In total, 254 patients (48.4% male patients) with a mean age of 25.4 +/- 7.1 years were included. The overall prevalence of MCL (sMCL and dMCL) injuries and isolated dMCL injuries was 16.5% (42 of 254) and 24.8% (63 of 254), respectively. No isolated sMCL injuries were found. Posterior oblique ligament injuries were found in 12 patients (4.7%) with MCL (sMCL and dMCL) injuries. An LM injury (odds ratio [OR], 3.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.73-8.94; P = .001) and LFC impaction (OR, 2.37; 95% CI, 1.11-5.07; P = .02) increased the odds of having an MCL injury, whereas an MM injury (OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.12-0.59; P = .001) reduced the odds. Isolated dMCL injuries were significantly associated with MFC bone bruising (OR, 4.21; 95% CI, 1.92-9.25; P < .001) and LFC impaction (OR, 3.86; 95% CI, 1.99-7.49; P < .001).Conclusions: The overall combined prevalence of MCL (sMCL and dMCL) injuries and isolated dMCL injuries in patients with ACL tears was high (16.5% + 24.8% = 41.3%). The presence of an LM injury and LFC impaction increased the odds of having an MCL injury, whereas the presence of an MM injury reduced the odds. MFC bone bruising and LFC impaction were associated with the presence of isolated dMCL injuries.Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective cohort study.

Publication in DiVA