Photo of Ida Lindgren

Ida Lindgren

Senior Associate Professor

My research focuses on effects of digitalization for public sector organizations. I'm especially interested in how municipalities and governmental agencies make use of digital services for communicating and exchanging information with citizens.

Digitalization and automation –from idea to practice

Digitization and the increased use of digital technologies are changing the way people communicate and interact with each other. This is clearly seen in many contexts, such as in the workplace. Digitalization and automation of work is expected to lead to time and cost savings as well as more legally secure handling of data and information. But will it be so? What does digitalization and automation mean in practice? What values are created, and for whom?

I am a researcher in information systems and digitalization and have a broad interest in how work can be digitalized and what consequences digitalization bring for various actors in society. In my research, I am predominantly interested in the following intertwined themes:

- Digitization of public services
- Consequences of digitalization for citizens' access to public services
- Digitalization and automation of knowledge-intensive work

I have studied digitalization of public welfare services for many years and have followed the development in Sweden and internationally. Today, Swedish citizens can apply for a large number of public services via internet-based forms, e.g. parental benefit, building permit, old-age pension and financial assistance. These digital application forms - also called e-services - are being introduced with the hope of streamlining work in the public sector and increasing transparency towards citizens. The basic idea is that the citizen should be able to engage in self-service and thereby gain greater transparency and control over their affairs. When citizens serve themselves, public administration hope to reduce the number of administrators and redistribute their resources, or alternatively reduce their expenses. In practice, however, it has proved difficult to achieve the desired effects. A digital welfare service often affects many different types of actors and is connected to many different IT systems and users on the inside of the organization that offers the service. My research shows that this complexity is often underestimated, leading to challenges in digitization work.

Digitalization of welfare services affects the relationship between citizens and public administration. To apply for a welfare service digitally, a citizen needs to know that the service exists, which organization provides it, and what is required to receive the service. The citizen also needs to be able to use the technology and know how to compile the right information and documentation. The more public administrations digitize their interactions with citizens, the more tasks are transferred from the public organization to the citizen.

In my research, I have shown that certain groups in society risk being excluded from important welfare services when they are offered via the internet, as self-service places higher demands on the individual citizen's knowledge of how both technology and public administration work. In my research, I study how citizens are affected by digital services and how other communication channels (e.g., personal meetings and telephone calls) can complement digital services to enable access to important welfare services for all citizens.

I am also interested in automation of work, as part of workplace digitalization (regardless of work sector). Automation is not a new phenomenon - we have automated work as long as we have been able to develop tools of various kinds. Today, however, there are new opportunities to automate administrative and knowledge-intensive work, through software robots, machine learning, pattern recognition, and data analysis of various kinds. New technologies have opened up for automation of more types of tasks than has previously been possible, for example to let digital technologies and systems process information and make decisions. Increased automation in the workplace will lead to changed conditions for several professions and for the labor market in general. At present, it is not clear how these changes will take shape – this is a knowledge gap that my research aims to fill.

Digitization can finally be understood as a process of change - this can make digitization as a phenomenon difficult to capture. In my research, I want to capture the complexity of digitization by studying this from several different organizational and actor-related perspectives, such as how digitization is understood by actors inside and outside the organization (as a phenomenon), what expectations are linked to digitization (as an idea) and what digitization means in practice (as action and consequence) for the people who are affected by the change processes that digitalization constitutes. My research is inter-disciplinary and conducted in close relationship with public sector organizations, as well as with commercial suppliers of digital services for the public sector.




In brief

Academic degrees

  • 2021: Senior Associate professor (swe: biträdande professor) in Information Systems, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping.

  • 2019: Associate professor (swe: docent) in Information Systems, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping.

  • 2013: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Information Systems Development, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping. Title: Public e-service Stakeholders. A study on who matters for public e-service development and implementation.

  • 2007: Licentiate of Philosophy (Phil.lic) in Industrial Ergonomics, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Linköping. Title: Towards the mitigation of cultural barriers to communication and cooperation.

  • 2004: Master of Science (MSc) in Cognitive Science, Linköping University.

Research projects

2021-2024: What services are suitable for digitalization? Project member of two interlinked research projects funded by the Norwegian Labor and Welfare Administration (NAV) and the Research Council of Norway. Collaboration between researchers working at University of Agder, IT-University of Copenhagen, University of Oslo, and Linköping University.

2020-2022: From Form to Robot? A study on Automated Case Handing in Swedish Municipalities. Funded by AFA Insurande. Principal Investigator.

2015-2017: Demand-driven development of e-services. A pilot study and subsequent full research project on stakeholder management in e-service development. Funded by the Swedish Transportation Administration. Principal Investigator.

2014: Testbed for increased innovation in Regional Development. A study funded by the Region of Östergötland. Project member.

Awards and other merits

  • Elected Board Member of Digital Government Society, 2021-2022. Lead of Student Support Committee.

  • Elected Vice-Chair for IFIP WG 8.5 Information Systems in Public Administration, 2021-2023.

  • Nominated to Outstanding Paper Awards at IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Government (EGOV) on several occasions; 2012, 2019, 2021.

  • Winner of Outstanding Paper Awards at the 14th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2015, Thessaloniki, Greece, August 30 – September 2, 2015.

  • Awarded the runner-up position of the Börje Langefors Award 2014, an academic prize awarded each year by the Swedish Information Systems Academy, for the best doctoral dissertation in Sweden in the subject areas informatics, information systems, data and information science or equivalent.

  • Awarded Highly Commended Award Winner at the Literati Network Awards for Excellence 2011


I have authored and co-authored scientific publications in journals, as well as conference papers in proceedings, conference/workshop papers, and research reports. I am engaged as associate editor for the journal Government Information Quarterly and am involved in the organization of two international conferences on digital government:

• IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference on Electronic Government (EGOV-CeDem-ePart), and
• Digital Government Society’s Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research (dg.o).



Hendrik Scholta, Ida Lindgren (2023) Proactivity in digital public services: A conceptual analysis Government Information Quarterly, Vol. 40, Article 101832 Continue to DOI
Ida Lindgren (2023) Ironies of Public Service Automation - Bainbridge Revisited TOGETHER IN THE UNSTABLE WORLD: DIGITAL GOVERNMENT AND SOLIDARITY, p. 395-404 Continue to DOI
Ida Lindgren, Csaba Csáki, Evangelos Kalampokis, Marijn Janssen, Gabriela Viale Pereira, Shefali Virkar, Efthimios Tambouris, Anneke Zuiderwijk (Editorship) (2023) Electronic Government: 22nd IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2023, Budapest, Hungary, September 5-7, 2023, Proceedings


As a teacher, I lecture and teach courses on scientific methods and digital government. I am frequently engaged as a supervisor of thesis work on the bachelor- and master levels. I also supervise doctoral students.