Ever since the first legislation that regulated treatment with assisted reproduction technologies (ART) was introduced in Sweden in 1984, the interests of the unborn child have been taken into consideration. For instance, the 1984 act banned anonymous sperm donors with reference to the child’s right to gain information about the donor’s identity. This regulation thus concerned a specific form of treatment, but the interests of the unborn child were also used in the preparatory reports for the act as an argument for making treatment with ART accessible only for certain groups of applicants. Same sex couples became entitled to treatment in 2005 and single women in 2016.
In addition to restrictions concerning certain groups of applicants, restrictions also include criteria concerning the capability as parents of individual applicants and when treatment involves donor gamete a special examination of the applicants’ social and psychological circumstances is required.
The project’s full title is ”The welfare of the child, the reproductive rights of adults and the responsibility of the welfare state”. The project is a collaboration with researchers from the faculty of medicine and is funded by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare