Sweden’s ambitious climate targets are probably dependent on a technology called bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), whereby CO2 from combusted biomass is captured and permanently stored in geological formations.

Since this technology is commercially unproven and sociotechnically uncertain, its future as part of Sweden’s energy system remain in doubt. 

Objective of the study

This project analyses sociotechnical preconditions for the possibility of establishing a joint BECCS infrastructure between Sweden and Finland. 

With data and analyses of large point sources, transport costs and geological storage capacity, along with historical case studies, the project investigates the regulatory and policy frameworks and key stakeholder priorities and technical pre-conditions in Sweden. 

This study is of great importance, as it will reveal the central concerns of those key stakeholders that will have to be involved in a large-scale implementation of BECCS/CCS in the region and also initiate a much-needed discussion on the feasibility and desirability of the methods which is presently absent.

This project both connects to and expands the project team’s research about societal and technical aspects of BECCS, and will reveal whether and how BECCS can play a substantial role in Swedish efforts to reach net zero emissions by 2045.

Project time: 2019- 2023

  • This project is a part of the bigger project Linköping University Negative Emission Technologies, LUNETs. Read more about it here.


Cover of publication ''
Emily Rodriguez, Adrian Lefvert, Mathias Fridahl, Stefan Grönkvist, Simon Haikola, Anders Hansson (2021)

Journal of Cleaner Production , Vol.280 Continue to DOI


Read more about FoES