Problematizing Ways of Seeing the Non-Human World

In my research, I am problematizing human ways of seeing the non-human world (often depicted as nature) that are constructed and enabled by different practices. Mainly touristic practices, with a focus on nature-based tourism.

In many Western societies, the concept of nature has become one of our time's most widely used keywords representing everything that is not a product of humanity – the non-human world. What often is forgotten is nature's social dimensions, namely how our ways of seeing and representing nature construct it and our comprehensions towards it. In other words, all things we think we know about nature says as much about ourselves as it says about the world we call nature.

One kind of institution that is grounded in the idea of protecting and displaying nature to tourists is national parks. In my dissertation, I focused on ways of seeing the non-human world enabled by the practice of Swedish national park tourism and its visual culture. To analyze that, I worked scrutinized historical and contemporary empirical materials of visual character, including installations in the parks, governmental policies, tourism information publications, materials produced by tourism organizations, and tourists' Instagram posts. By focusing on representations of the non-human world in those materials, I problematized and unraveled human ways of seeing the non-human and the implications that those can result in. 

Hamrä National Park.Today, Sweden has 30 national parks located from north to south. Many of these function as popular destinations for nature-based tourism. Photo credit Emelie Fälton Through my dissertation, I identified four ways of seeing that together construct the non-human world as a sublime wilderness of nationalistic character that functions as an edutainment arena för environmentally conscious tourists. Within and among those ways of seeing, there exist not only coherences but also contradictions. Those are grounded in a tension between the two opposing interests of saving and using nature, which is said to be united by the third interest of knowing it. Through this, the ways of seeing become ambivalent, as they frame the non-human world as a shapeshifting nature that assumes different and even contradictory forms. 

National Park.A central part of my analytical work has been to visit national parks with newly installed installations. Here is one such example from Tiveden national park. Photo credit: Emelie Fälton

Another major interest of mine is to work with developing methodologies, where I am especially interested in exploring new ways of working with methods inspired by visual culture and discourse analysis. Here, I am interested in how the visual is part of the social and vice versa but also how a discursive analytical perspective could illuminate norms and representations but also power relations, regimes of truth, and knowledge epistemes.

Norrköpings decision arena.Here, my supervisor Johan Hedrén and I are trying out new ways to analyze major materials of photographs in the Norrköping Decision Arena. Photo credit Emelie Fälton



Research Programmes & Network


Academic degree

  • 2021
    Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the subject area of environmental studies
  • 2016
    Started as a PhD Student in Environmental Change
  • 2016
    Master’s degree in environmental science with focus on sustainable development
  • 2014
    Bachelor’s degree in tourism science with focus on nature environments and cultural heritages



  • Culture, society and media production (bachelor program)
  • Environmental science program (bachelor program)
  • Geography (single subject courses)


  • Coordinator for Norrköping Decision Arena
  • Faculty Marshall at Linköping University
  • Union Representative for SACO at IKOS, Campus Norrköping

Research visits

Visiting PhD student at Tema Q, the Institution for Culture and Society, Linköping University, October-December 2020


  • Project leader for the festical Drivhuset. 18-19 November 2017
  • Project leader for Sustainable Futures (Framtidsveckan) 21 April, 2016

In media


"Temapodden" and "Fakultet essä" are podcasts from Linköping University.

Ways of Seeing Nature

In the fifth episode of Temapodden, Emelie Fälton discusses human ways of seeing nature and how we choose to portray it.

You can listen to the podcast episode in Swedish here.The Tema Pod






Nature conservation and national parks – but are we instead increasing the gap to nature?

During the early 1900s, Sweden was the first country in Europe to establish national parks. Today, the parks are popular tourism destinations attracting both national and international tourists and there exists a hope that they will become some of Europe’s most popular destinations for nature-based tourism. But what happens when nature is to be protected from humans and at the same time function as an arena for tourists? And what is it really that we are invited to experience?

You can listen to the podcast episode in Swedish here.

Blog post about the Drivhuset Climate Festival 

A Climate Festival that Crossed Boarders

"It has almost been three months since I, together with two colleagues, could enjoy the climate festival that we had been planning for almost half a year. It was pure pleasure to finally being able to harvest the fruit of our work. I would lie if I said it was easy to organize a climate festival, but I would also lie if I would say that it was not one of the most inspirational things I have done. Now, with some distance to it – I will share my experiences and invite you to take part of one of my latest projects, The Drivhuset Climate Festival".

To The Seed Box Blog


Academic Celebration

As the Faculty Marshall, I am involved in planning and executing the Commencement Ceremony at Linköping University, where doctors, professors, honorary doctors, and jubilee doctors get installed.