The purpose of the research project is to analyze how energy management is conducted in Swedish manufacturing and shipping industries, as well as how these activities can be developed to contribute to the industry's transformation towards sustainable energy systems and long-term competitiveness.

Forskarskola Energisystem, forskningsprojekt om energiledning

To study how energy efficiency in manufacturing and shipping industry can be efficientized has a great deal of energy relevance and strategic work towards increased energy and resource efficiency is central to Swedish industry in a global market with scarce resources. It is also crucial for the industry to be long-term competitive, especially in industries where energy costs are a major part of operational costs, such as in energy-intensive manufacturing and process industry or in shipping.

Purpose of the study

The primary purpose of the research project is to analyze how energy management is conducted in Swedish manufacturing industry and in the shipping industry, as well as how this work can be developed to contribute to the industry's transformation into sustainable energy systems and long-term competitiveness.

Aim of the study

The project aims to carry out two parallel series of interdisciplinary case studies, which are integrated in themselves, on the energy management's practice in organizations from the shipping and manufacturing industry. The material from these contrasting cases will then be integrated and laid the foundation for a joint scientific discussion about standardization of energy management, and opportunities for improved management of the energy and utilization of shipping and manufacturing industries. 

Project time

October 2018 until September 2022



Doctoral thesis

Mariana Andrei (2023) The role of industrial energy management in the transition toward sustainable energy systems: Exploring practices, knowledge dynamics and policy evaluation

Scientific articles

Lawrence et al. (2019). Specific Energy Consumption/Use (SEC) in Energy Management for Improving Energy Efficiency in Industry: Meaning, Usage and Differences. Energies 2019, Vol. 12, Page 247 12, 247. (

Andrei et al. 2021. Decarbonization of industry : Guidelines towards a harmonized energy efficiency policy program impact evaluation methodology. Energy Reports 7, 1385–1395.

Poulsen, R. T., Viktorelius, M., Varvne, H., Rasmussen, H. B., & von Knorring, H. (2022). Energy efficiency in ship operations - Exploring voyage decisions and decision-makers. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 102, 103120. doi:

Viktorelius, Varvne, & von Knorring, (2022) An overview of sociotechnical research on maritime energy efficiency. WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs

Andrei, M., Thollander, P., & Sannö, A. (2022). Knowledge demands for energy management in manufacturing industry - A systematic literature review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews


Varvne and Andrei, 2021. Exploring similarities and differences in Energy Management. Application in fuel industry. Vetenskaplig rapport.

Conference papers

Varvne and Eriksson-Zetterquist, 2021. Making sense of oil tanker operations in an era of decarbonization. [conference presentation] EGOS 2021, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Andrei and Thollander, 2019. Reducing the Energy Efficiency Gap by Means of Energy Management Practices. ©2019 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry

Varvne, (forthcoming, 2022) Anchoring unsustainable practices in rhetoric, a study of just in time arrival of tanker ships. [accepted to covid postponed conference]

Varvne and Andrei, (forthcoming, 2022) Organizing interdisciplinary energy system research. [submitted to EGOS 2022 conference]


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