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Patrik Thollander


How industry can reduce energy costs and how policy instruments can be designed are two central issues in my research.

Reduced industrial energy costs and cost-effective policy instruments for increased productivity

Improved industrial energy efficiency is an important means to reduce company's energy costs and reduce environmental impact. Increased energy prices and scarcity of resources puts great demand on industrial decision-makers regarding how improved energy efficiency successfully can be carried out in organisations. Great demands are also imposed on public policy decision-makers on how to design and launch properly functioning public policy instruments that supports improved energy efficiency in industry.

My research concerns improved industrial energy efficiency, and includes small and medium-sized industrial enterprises (SMEs). My research areas, e.g.:

  • industrial energy management,
  • energy efficiency in SMEs,
  • barriers to and drivers for energy efficiency,
  • energy audits,
  • energy policies for improved industrial energy end-use,
  • industrial energy efficiency potentials.

I am leading and participating in several research projects in the area. At international level, I am managing the project Energy Efficiency in SMEs within the International Energy Agency. At EU level, I have, among other things participated in the work on financial instruments for more efficient use of energy, DG Energy, Energy Efficiency Financial Group. At national level, I have assisted the Swedish Energy Agency and governmental bodies in a number of different investigations, e.g. the design of the national energy audit policy programme, energy efficiency networks, and the act energy audits for large companies.

Interplay between theoretical and practical work

Theory affects how we think and act about different things. I have, together with colleagues, had the privilege of defining some new theoretical concepts such as asymmetric energy policy shocks, the energy service gaps, the extended energy efficiency gap and the energy management gap. The past two scientific concepts were mentioned in the International Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) report (2014) as scientific contributions which revealed an additional energy efficiency potential.

Several of my scientific articles about drivers for and barriers to energy efficiency in industry are among the most cited articles internationally in those areas.

Being able to apply theory and disseminating knowledge is extremely important. I teach at basic, advanced and postgraduate levels and also have the privilege to give lectures outside the university, both nationally and internationally.



Jakob Carlander, Patrik Thollander (2023) Barriers to implementation of energy-efficient technologies in building construction projects - Results from a Swedish case study RESOURCES ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY, Vol. 11, Article 100097 Continue to DOI
Patrik Thollander, Jenny Palm (2023) The unhinged paradox-what does it mean for the energy system? ADVANCES IN APPLIED ENERGY, Vol. 10, Article 100143 Continue to DOI
Per-Erik Johansson, Peter Björnholm, Patrik Thollander (2023) Ingenjören som ledare: en berättelse om en utvecklingsresa
Aishwarya Raghunatha, Emma Lindkvist, Patrik Thollander, Erika Hansson, Greta Jonsson (2023) Critical assessment of emissions, costs, and time for last-mile goods delivery by drones versus trucks Scientific Reports, Vol. 13, Article 11814 Continue to DOI
Haozhi Pan, Jessica Page, Rui Shi, Cong Cong, Zipan Cai, Stephan Barthel, Patrik Thollander, Johan Colding, Zahra Kalantari (2023) Contribution of prioritized urban nature-based solutions allocation to carbon neutrality Nature Climate Change, Vol. 13, p. 862-870 Continue to DOI