The impact of ethnic enclaves on second-generation immigrant assimilation

Ethnic enclaves are tightly-knit communities that can help immigrants and their children succeed in their new homeland.

Street sign i two languagesSocial networks in these neighbourhoods contain valuable social, cultural, and economic capital that help newcomers find jobs, get small business loans, navigate new bureaucracies, and succeed in the educational system.

These positive effects have been shown in some US cities, but less research explores the European context. This project, funded by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life, and Welfare (FORTE), investigates whether such communities exist in Sweden.

Relying on a combination of cluster analysis and spatial analysis it identifies possible ethnic enclaves in Swedish cities and uses network models to estimate the effects on second-generation educational assimilation. This research contributes to the literature linking migration and residential segregation to the intergenerational transmission of inequality.