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Nicolette Lakemond


How could organizations be managed so that they can responsibly contribute to, and benefit from, the emergence of artificial intelligence and complex intelligent systems?

The emergence of complex intelligent systems

Artificial intelligence, AI, is playing an increasing role in our society and our lives. Infrastructures that depend on AI are increasing. As a consequence, we are also becoming increasingly vulnerable to shortcomings in these systems. But knowledge about how people, systems and organizations interact is limited.

Management of the future

To meet the new challenges linked to the emergence of complex intelligent systems, new knowledge needs to be created about how organizations can be managed in the future. The research focuses on management issues, for example concerning how decisions in relation to complex intelligent systems can be made, how organizations can be designed, how organizations can work with others in ecosystems and how complexity can be embraced. An important issue is how organizations can be led and management can be designed so that they can contribute in a responsible way to increase the chances that we can achieve the benefits of the new intelligent technologies.
The research is interdisciplinary, technology and management are studied at the same time as societal aspects are taken into account. The project's ecosystem therefore includes management researchers, AI researchers and practitioners.
The research is carried out by the research group NICER. Future scenarios are studied, including demonstration arenas for technology research and industrial demonstrators.



Youshan Yu, Nicolette Lakemond, Gunnar Holmberg (2023) AI in the Context of Complex Intelligent Systems: Engineering Management Consequences IEEE transactions on engineering management Continue to DOI


Nicolette Lakemond, Gunnar Holmberg (2022) The quest for combined generativity and criticality in digital-physical complex systems Journal of engineering and technology management, Vol. 65, Article 101701 Continue to DOI
Adalberto Franca, Nicolette Lakemond, Gunnar Holmberg (2022) The coordination of technology development for complex products and systems innovations Journal of business & industrial marketing, Vol. 37, p. 106-123 Continue to DOI
Henry Lopez-Vega, Nicolette Lakemond (2022) Tapping into emerging markets: EMNEs strategies for innovation capability building Global Strategy Journal, Vol. 12, p. 394-417 Continue to DOI


Nicolette Lakemond, Gunnar Holmberg, Anders Pettersson (2021) Digital Transformation in Complex Systems IEEE transactions on engineering management Continue to DOI



Short summary


  • 2018 Deputy Dean Research and Research education, Faculty of Science and Technology, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 2017 Professor in Industriell Management, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 2013 Associate professor, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 2009 Reader, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 2001 PhD in Industrial Management, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 1999 Tek. Lic in Industrial Management, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 1996 MSc in Industrial Engineering and Management, Twente University, The Netherlands