School segregation has been high on the political and scientific agenda, both in Sweden and abroad. This is because segregated schools tend to increase inequality in conditions between children from different socio-economic and ethnic backgrounds. Research on the subject usually explain school segregation with characteristics in the school choice system, such as free school choice, or with existing housing segregation which, in combination with proximity principles in school admissions, is reflected in school segregation (see also Figure 1). At the same time, we know that parents often choose to move to neighbourhoods that are likely to benefit their children, and research has suggested that proximity to preferred schools is one of the things that parents consider when they change neighbourhoods.
The purpose of this project is to understand how school segregation and neighbourhood segregation influence each other. The project is aimed at understanding the extent to which the residential choices of parents are driven by school segregation itself, and how this in turn affect future school segregation. Given that income inequality, proximity-based school allocation policies, and constraints on the housing market lead to different residential opportunities between different income groups, we will pay special attention to socioeconomic differences between children. Various sub-projects will focus on residential choices of parents as well as how residential and school choices are affected by parental income and employment. The project uses the unique administrative register data which provide detailed information on residential choices as well as school choices of parents of young children. More information on register data can be found here: Register-based research - Vetenskapsrådet.
The project will move the segregation research frontier forward by improving our understanding about the mechanisms that generate and maintain school segregation. As such, our project will add to the research field by examining the interrelation between residential- and school choices, and the consequences such interrelations have on segregation levels in Sweden. Moreover, we will use cutting-edge simulation models to study potential policy interventions. Our findings will give insights into how policy interventions can be designed in order to effectively target school segregation.
Figure 1. The figure shows proportion of minorities in different neighbourhoods (defined by SAMS areas), and compulsory level schools in those neighbourhoods in Stockholm municipality in 2017. Minorities are defined as immigrant origin students whose both parents are born outside Sweden.
Project time: 2021-2024