Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes

Metabolism is the processes in which nutrients are converted into energy and the building blocks that are used to produce new cell material. Excess energy is converted into fat and stored in the adipose tissue.

Metabolism is a complex network of chemical reactions controlled by an even more complex network involving the nervous system and various hormones. Malfunctions in these networks are associated with diseases.

Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by an inability to stimulate the body’s cells to take up and metabolize nutrients, especially glucose (also known as ‘grape sugar’), from the blood.
Type 1 diabetes is characterized by a destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Type 2 diabetes is largely an effect of obesity and is due to the body’s cells developing a resistance to insulin – an inability to react properly to insulin. The beta cells can often compensate for insulin resistance by releasing more insulin into the bloodstream, but sooner or later these cells no longer manage to compensate, and Type 2 diabetes can be diagnosed.

News

teenage girl using insulin.

Antiviral drugs could preserve capacity to produce insulin in type 1 diabetes patients

Antiviral drug treatment could preserve the remaining capacity to release insulin in children recently diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, according to a new study by Scandinavian researchers.

Yawning baby.

Researching gut bacteria as protection against disease

Did the bacteria in your guts when you were a baby impact your risk of future disease? We have talked to researcher studying whether diseases such as type 1 diabetes and allergy could be prevented by promoting the right bacteria early in life.

Mattias Ekstedt, Nils Dahlström, Peter Lundberg, Bengt Norén and Patrik Nasr.

Adverse muscle composition linked to risk in fatty liver disease

Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle contribute to an increasing number of people developing fatty liver disease. According to a new study, poor muscle health may be a marker of risk for developing sequelae.

Research