Organic electrochemical device

Electrical cables put in two test tubes filled with liquid
Thor Balkhed

We use organic polymer and molecular materials to fabricate and modify electrodes and membranes, thus making use of the unique properties of such green tailor-made materials for electrochemical applications.

Principal investigator: Viktor Gueskine

Co-investigator: Mikhail Vagin

Our research in Organic Electrochemical Devices focuses on flow cells being the heart of energy storage and conversion open-system devices such as flow batteries, fuel cells, electrolysers. Both storage and conversion imply transformation of electrical energy into chemical energy of molecules. The difference, as we understand it, is that storage supposes making the chemical energy readily transformable back into electricity, while conversion means rather production of multipurpose energetic molecules (e.g. hydrogen peroxide, a green oxidant). The flow cell is composed of two electrode compartments through which redox-active components circulate separated by a membrane. 
Our core expertise is in electrochemistry of conducting polymers and organic semiconductors as electrodes. In collaboration with our colleagues from the Wallenberg Wood Science Center, we develop expertise on forest materials for selective organic membranes and porous electrodes.
A clear advantage of organic electrodes and membranes thus prepared is non-toxicity and high natural abundance of their constituent atomic elements. Novel operational principles can be a plus.
We study electrochemical reactions of key energetic importance, namely, Hydrogen Evolution Reaction (HER) and Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR), ubiquitous coupled proton and electron transfer (CPET), and investigate the mechanism of electrocatalysis at organic electrodes. We also investigate reactant and ion management by micro- and nano- porous organic electrodes to increase efficiency and selectivity of electrochemical reactions.



Divyaratan Kumar, Leandro R. Franco, Nicole Abdou, Rui Shu, Anna Martinelli, C. Moyses Araujo, Johannes Gladisch, Viktor Gueskine, Reverant Crispin, Ziyauddin Khan (2024) Water-in-Polymer Salt Electrolyte for Long-Life Rechargeable Aqueous Zinc-Lignin Battery Energy & Environmental Materials Continue to DOI
Pallavi B. Jagdale, Sai Rashmi Manippady, Rohit Anand, Geunsik Lee, Akshaya Kumar Samal, Ziyauddin Khan, Manav Saxena (2024) Agri-waste derived electroactive carbon-iron oxide nanocomposite for oxygen reduction reaction: an experimental and theoretical study RSC Advances, Vol. 14, p. 12171-12178 Continue to DOI
Hongli Yang, Jesper Edberg, Mehmet Girayhan Say, Johan Erlandsson, Viktor Gueskine, Lars Wagberg, Magnus Berggren, Isak Engquist (2024) Study on the Rectification of Ionic Diode Based on Cross-Linked Nanocellulose Bipolar Membranes Biomacromolecules, Vol. 25, p. 1933-1941 Continue to DOI
Sanna Lander, Jiu Pang, Johan Erlandsson, Mikhail Vagin, Mohammad Javad Jafari, Leena Korhonen, Hongli Yang, Tobias Abrahamsson, Penghui Ding, Viktor Gueskine, Alexandar Mehandzhiyski, Thomas Ederth, Igor Zozoulenko, Lars Wågberg, Reverant Crispin, Magnus Berggren (2024) Controlling the rate of posolyte degradation in all-quinone aqueous organic redox flow batteries by sulfonated nanocellulose based membranes: The role of crossover and Michael addition Journal of Energy Storage, Vol. 83, Article 110338 Continue to DOI


Viktor Gueskine, Mikhail Vagin, Magnus Berggren, Xavier Crispin, Igor Zozoulenko (2023) Oxygen reduction reaction at conducting polymer electrodes in a wider context: Insights from modelling concerning outer and inner sphere mechanisms ELECTROCHEMICAL SCIENCE ADVANCES, Vol. 3, Article e2100191 Continue to DOI
Divyaratan Kumar, Ujwala Ail, Zhixing Wu, Emma Björk, Magnus Berggren, Viktor Gueskine, Xavier Crispin, Ziyauddin Khan (2023) Zinc salt in "Water-in-Polymer Salt Electrolyte" for Zinc-Lignin Batteries: Electroactivity of the Lignin Cathode ADVANCED SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS, Vol. 7, Article 2200433 Continue to DOI
Aiman Rahmanudin, Ziyauddin Khan, Klas Tybrandt, Nara Kim (2023) Sustainable stretchable batteries for next-generation wearables Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 11, p. 22718-22736 Continue to DOI
Arman Molaei, Ahmed Ahmed, Ujwala Ail, Xavier Crispin (2023) New low-cost, flow-through carbon electrodes characterized in brackish water Chemické zvesti, Vol. 77, p. 1941-1950 Continue to DOI
Ziyauddin Khan, Anna Martinelli, Leandro R. Franco, Divyaratan Kumar, Alexander Idstrom, Lars Evenas, C. Moyses Araujo, Xavier Crispin (2023) Mass Transport in "Water-in-Polymer Salt" Electrolytes Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 35, p. 6382-6395 Continue to DOI
Ioannis Petsagkourakis, S. Riera-Galindo, Tero-Petri Ruoko, Xenofon Strakosas, E. Pavlopoulou, Xianjie Liu, Slawomir Braun, Renee Kroon, Nara Kim, Samuel Lienemann, Viktor Gueskine, G. Hadziioannou, Magnus Berggren, Mats Fahlman, Simone Fabiano, Klas Tybrandt, Xavier Crispin (2023) Improved Performance of Organic Thermoelectric Generators Through Interfacial Energetics Advanced Science, Vol. 10, Article 2206954 Continue to DOI
Hamid Ghorbani Shiraz, Zia Khan, Daniel Pere, Xianjie Liu, Yannick Coppel, Mats Fahlman, Mikhail Vagin, Radoslaw Chmielowski, Myrtil L. Kahn, Magnus Berggren, Xavier Crispin (2023) Effect of Oxygen Poisoning on the Bidirectional Hydrogen Electrocatalysis in TaS2 Nanosheets The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 127, p. 5825-5832 Continue to DOI
Ziyauddin Khan, Divyaratan Kumar, Xavier Crispin (2023) Does Water-in-Salt Electrolyte Subdue Issues of Zn Batteries? Advanced Materials, Vol. 35, Article 2300369 Continue to DOI
Sayali Ashok Patil, Pallavi Bhaktapralhad Jagdale, Ashish Singh, Ravindra Vikram Singh, Ziyauddin Khan, Akshaya Kumar Samal, Manav Saxena (2023) 2D Zinc Oxide - Synthesis, Methodologies, Reaction Mechanism, and Applications Small, Vol. 19, Article 2206063 Continue to DOI
Ayesha Sultana, Alois Wurger, Ziyauddin Khan, Mingna Liao, Magnus Jonsson, Xavier Crispin, Dan Zhao (2023) The Origin of Thermal Gradient-Induced Voltage in Polyelectrolytes Small Continue to DOI
Nara Kim, Samuel Lienemann, Ziyauddin Khan, Grzegorz Greczynski, Aiman Rahmanudin, Mikhail Vagin, Fareed Ahmed, Ioannis Petsagkourakis, Jesper Edberg, Xavier Crispin, Klas Tybrandt (2023) An intrinsically stretchable symmetric organic battery based on plant-derived redox molecules Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 11, p. 25703-25714 Continue to DOI
Arman Molaei (2023) Functionalized Porous Carbon Fiber Electrodes for Applications in Electrochemical Flow Cells
Zhixing Wu, Penghui Ding, Viktor Gueskine, Robert Boyd, Eric Daniel Glowacki, Magnus Odén, Xavier Crispin, Magnus Berggren, Emma Björk, Mikhail Vagin (2023) Conducting Polymer‐Based e‐Refinery for Sustainable Hydrogen Peroxide Production Energy & Environmental Materials, Article e12551 Continue to DOI
Arman Molaei, Xavier Crispin (2023) Faradic Side Reactions at Novel Carbon Flow-Through Electrodes for Desalination Studied in a Static Supercapacitor Architecture Advanced Energy and Sustainability Research, Vol. 4, Article 2200119 Continue to DOI


Hongli Yang, Viktor Gueskine, Magnus Berggren, Isak Engquist (2022) Cross-Linked Nanocellulose Membranes for Nanofluidic Osmotic Energy Harvesting ACS Applied Energy Materials, Vol. 5, p. 15740-15748 Continue to DOI
Hamid Ghorbani Shiraz (2022) Electrochemical reduction of protons and organic molecules in hydrogen technologies: Liquid Organic Hydrogen carrier and Hydrogen Evolution

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