Carl-Johan Thore

Senior Associate Professor


I am currently employed as an Associate professor at the Division of Solid Mechanics, and dividing my time between research and teaching.

I moved to Linköping in 2002 to study. After five years I obtained an MSc in Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering. Since then I have been working at the Division of  Solid Mechanics, first on pressure estimation in arteries and later on modeling and optimization of active structures. The latter work eventually led to a doctoral degree in Engineering Mechanics in 2012.


I'm interested in computational structural optimization, i.e., computer-based methods for automatic design of mechanical structures with optimal properties.

Robust topology optimization

Robust topology optimization (TO) is about methods to design structures that are robust with respect to uncertain variations in loading, geometry and material properties. I'm currently involved in the research projects "Mathematical games for worst-case oriented robust topology optimization" and "Optimization of composite structures under uncertainty".

I've released a code for solving smooth, non-linear optimization problems with matrix inequality constraints in Matlab that is used in some of my research on robust TO. You can find it here.

Active structures

Another research interest is design optimization of active structures. Specifically, I work on so-called Neuro-Mechanical Oscillators (NMOs). These are bio-inspired mechanical network structures made up from simple elements, each containing an actuator and an artificial neuron.

In the video below you can see an example of a simple, truss-like NMO comprising twenty elements. This NMO has been optimized such that the center node moves counterclockwise in a circle with given radius. The elements in red are contracting, like muscles, to generate motion. Couplings between the artificial neurons are shown as curved line in green or magenta, and their shifting color and thickness represent the activity in the neural network formed by the artificial neurons. It is this activity that controls the motion.




A detailed description of the ideas and theory behind Neuro-Mechanical Oscillators can be found here and here (requires subscription).


Ongoing research project




Dženan Hozić, Carl-Johan Thore, Christopher Cameron, Mohamed Sahbi Loukil (2023) Deterministic-based robust design optimization of composite structures under material uncertainty Composite structures, Vol. 322, Article 117336 Continue to DOI
Dzenan Hozic, Carl-Johan Thore, Christopher Cameron, Mohamed Sahbi Loukil (2023) Material uncertainty quantification for optimized composite structures with failure criteria Composite structures, Vol. 305, Article 116409 Continue to DOI


Carl-Johan Thore, Jonas Lundgren, Jan-Erik Lundgren (2022) A mathematical game for topology optimization of cooling systems Zeitschrift für angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, Vol. 103, Article e202100086 Continue to DOI
Carl-Johan Thore, Jonas Lundgren, Jan-Erik Lundgren, Anders Klarbring (2022) Topology optimization for minimum temperature with mass flow and stiffness constraints Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Vol. 400, Article 115334 Continue to DOI
G. A. Haveroth, Carl-Johan Thore, M. R. Correa, R. F. Ausas, S. Jakobsson, J. A. Cuminato, Anders Klarbring (2022) Topology optimization including a model of the layer-by-layer additive manufacturing process Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Vol. 398, Article 115203 Continue to DOI