An increasingly large part of the work in the future will likely take place remotely with the support of digital tools. The project studies the challenges hybrid work creates for leadership concerning employee well-being and work performance.
Aim and research questions
The aim of the project is to study the importance of leadership for employee well-being and work performance in hybrid work (i.e., when work can be carried out both on site in regular operations and remotely through technical aids). The following research questions will be focused on in the project: What does leadership mean in hybrid work, in terms of leadership behaviours and leadership activities, and how does leadership that is practised at a distance differ from leadership that is practised on site? Which leadership behaviours and leadership activities promote employee well-being and work performance in hybrid work? What other factors in the work environment are important for these relationships?
Design and methods
The project will run for three years and has a longitudinal design. It will involve and their employees where one or both are hybrid workers (i.e., work both on site and remotely to some extent, using technical aids). Data will be collected through interviews, document studies and a survey.
Relevance and contribution
The project's contribution is to provide a scientific basis for how organizations can promote employees' well-being and work performance, without one happening at the expense of the other, regardless of where the work is performed. In this way, sustainability can also be created in the working life of the future. The project also contributes theoretically to the research field by developing a conceptual framework for leadership in hybrid work and testing it empirically. The framework can also be used in future studies.
Martina Berglund, Ulrika Harlin, Mattias Elg, Andreas Wallo