Photo of Annelie Carlson

Annelie Carlson

Head of Division, Principal Research Engineer

Evaluating cost-, energy-, and resource efficiency in a life cycle perspective.

My research take place in an interdisciplinary environment, where the research questions are approached and investigated from several perspectives and by participants from a number of research areas, using qualitative as well as quantitative methods. The main methods I use are life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle costing (LCC).

The projects I am, or recently have been, involved in covers a diversity of areas, for example, functional sales of indoor lighting, using AI to develop maintenance strategies, a new method for mineral and metal extraction, and electric non-road mobile machinery. My main task is to evaluate the effect on environmental impact, cost, energy and resource use in a life cycle perspective.

I also have extensive experience in research on transport and infrastructure, such as life cycle assessment of roads, road surface characteristics and the effect on rolling resistance and traffic fuel use, efficient use of engine heaters and the effect on electricity use due to longer and heavier freight trains.


Present and recent projects

Electrified Material Handling

The project´s intention is to perform three fossil- and emission-free system solution demonstrations for medium-sized work machines while maintaining productivity and customer acceptance. Read more about the project Electrified Material Handling

Circular workwear in construction and industry

In the project, the legal, economic, and environmental pros and cons with modular work wear are evaluated. The perspectives of the distributor and customers are covered as well as the users’ perceived value of the clothes. read more about the project Circular workwear in construction and industry

Adapt 2030

Adaptive lifecycle design by applying digitalization and AI techniques to production. The project will develop a method and two demonstrators as “proof of concept” showing the process and value of lifecycle digitalization.Read more about the project Adapt 2030

Electric Site Research Project

The aim was to electrify each transport stage in a quarry – from excavation to primary crushing, and transport to secondary crushing –demonstrate the viability and evaluate the outcome. The system’s efficiency, safety and environmental benefits are set to impact both customers and society at large. Read more about the project Electric Site Research Project


New Application of AI for Services in Maintenance towards a Circular Economy. The project created an inventory of AI techniques for maintenance services, applied AI techniques to three industrial cases, and evaluated their economic and environmental implications.Read more about the project SIMON

Functional sales of indoor lighting

The project aims to examine the legal aspects related to product service systems (PSS) and the environmental and economic effects resulting from the legal regulation. The survey aims to obtain knowledge about how PSS models should be designed to facilitate and stimulate business development and commercialization of more energy efficient, environmental and economic solutions than those provided today.



Annelie Carlson, Felen II Arellano Divina (2024) Electric Material Handling: Assessment of the environmental impacts of two electric material handling machines


Raul Carlsson, Tatiana Nevzorova, Derek Diener, Emanuela Vanacore, Robert Boyer, Marcus Linder, Mattias Lindahl, Annelie Carlson (2022) TRACE CERTAINTY - TRAnsitioning to a Circular Economy via CERTificAtion in INdusTrY: Testing metrics for measuring the circularity while metrics are being standardized: PROJECT FINAL REPORT Reference Number 2020-04410
Thomas Lundberg, Annelie Carlson, Olle Eriksson, Anders Genell, Anita Ihs, Sara Janhäll, Leif Sjögren, Jonas Wennström (2022) Indicators for the Swedish Transport Administration's follow-up of maintenance on paved roads: delivery qualities for the transport policy goals
Jenny Karlsson, Rune Karlsson, Annelie Carlson, Joakim Kalantari (2022) Energy efficient freight transport from a national systems perspective: a methodology for evaluation of potential for decreased energy use
Tomohiko Sakao, Abhijna Neramballi, Johannes Matschewsky, Annelie Carlson, Max Bäck, Vishnu Teja Tirumalasetty (2022) Systemic improvement of lifecycle performance by leveraging product and service interdependencies - A case of a product for wind power generation systems CIRP annals, Vol. 71 Continue to DOI

Publications in collaboration with external partners 


Coworkers at the Products Services and Innovation (PSI) unit