More efficient use of energy and energy policies require a systems perspective: an action that reduces carbon dioxide emissions in one place may well multiply emissions many times over in another part of the system. LiU researchers study energy systems at three levels: in buildings, locally and regionally, and in industry.

Examples include studies of district heating, energy management in the process industry, obstacles and driving forces for energy optimization in industry, energy optimization in buildings built before 1945, and studies of low-energy housing.

The research is both deeply disciplinary and broadly multidisciplinary, and the objective is long-term development toward sustainable and efficient energy systems. For many years now, LiU has hosted the multidisciplinary Research School's Energy Systems Programme that has produced more than 80 PhDs and which is now moving into a new stage - the Research School Energy Systems.

Energy in buildings
Research ranges from studies of low-energy buildings to energy savings in buildings built before 1945, where consideration must be given to their cultural and historical value. Other examples are sustainable urban planning and the development of small-scale solar energy in buildings.

Local and regional energy
Research in this area is mainly related to social science, and the role of municipalities and regions in the changeover of energy systems is being studied, among other aspects. One example is the test bed for sustainable urban development that is being built in Östra Valla, Linköping.

Energy in industry
The potential for making energy savings in industry is huge, both in large and small enterprises. Researchers in this area have many years of experience in studying improved energy efficiency in the steel, pulp and paper industries, as well as smaller industries.


People sitting near industrial plant in Oulu, Finland.

Linköping University Negative Emission Technologies (LUNETs)

An increasing number of climate targets require net negative emissions of carbon dioxide. Here we study the methods bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) and biochar in the Nordic and Tanzania.

Switching the Current

Through so-called Megagames, the project "Switching the current" aims to increase knowledge about how current design and transformation of the energy system affects the surrounding society, environment and climate.

A picture of metal laser.

Sustainable supply chains in Swedish industry

The project studies models and approaches that large companies are currently working with to promote an upstream sustainable supply chain, identify success factors and develop a new unique model for supplier sustainability assurance.

News about energy

A picture of two women.

Electricity from renewable sources can increase with flexible systems

Energy flow from solar and wind power is uneven, and depends on the weather. However, research from LiU shows that a flexible energy system in which district heating, electricity production, and industry work together can balance energy consumption.

Professor Xavier Crispin and research engineers Ujwala Ail and Ziyauddin Khan, at the crimper that manufactures coin cell batteries, in the Laboratory of Organic Electronics.

Prize-winning technology for large-scale energy storage

Safe, cheap and sustainable technology for energy storage has been developed at the Laboratory of Organic Electronics. It is based on two major breakthroughs: the manufacture of wood-based electrodes in rolled form, and a new water-based electrolyte.

Visby historical center.

How to energy renovate older residential buildings

A new strategy for the energy renovation of older residential buildings would open opportunities to save energy and money, while reducing impact on the climate. The current guidelines do not take enough consideration of the type of house.

Graduate School