Photo of Mathias Fridahl

Mathias Fridahl

Associate Professor, Docent

With a special focus on international climate negotiations, Mathias Fridahl studies how law, procedural rules, negotiating practice, and diverse priorities among delegates create obstacles to and offer opportunities for effective climate policy.

International climate politics and policy

Mathias Fridahl specialise in international climate politics and policy, focusing on negotiating dynamics, policy priorities and preferences among different actors and regions, support instruments, and institutional design. Analytically, Fridahl apply statistical analyses of survey data as well as analysis of qualitative data anchored in discourse, governance and transformation management theory. Fridahl teach in a broad range of subjects, including environmental history, theory of science, international environmental law and qualitative methodology

Mathias Fridahl holds a PhD in Water and Environmental Studies (2013) on the topic Historical responsibility: Assessing the past in international climate negotiations, a bachelor in Human Ecology from Gothenburg University and a master in Environmental History from Linköping University. In autumn 2008, he was a guest researcher at the International Virtual Institute of Global Change at the Energy Planning Program (COPPE), the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.

Fridahl has acted as reviewer of book chapters and journal articles for publishing houses such as Earthscan, Routledge and Wiley. He has received several scholarships to study UN climate negotiations and has attended the 2010 UNEP/UEF training course for climate change negotiators. Since 2006, Fridahl has attended 16 sessions of UN Climate Change Conferences/Talks and the IPCC. He has also been entrusted to act as UNFCCC’s (since 2010) and IPCC (since 2014) designated contact points for Linköping University. Fridahl is an appreciated teacher and course leader at post- and undergraduate studies in subjects spanning from engineering and biology to environmental and political science. 

Fridahl currently holds a postdoc at the Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research within the project Governing NAMAs: Matching Design and Support for Low Carbon Development. He acts as project coordinator for the GovNAMAs, with project partners in Brazil, Canada, and Germany. In his previous work, he has applied both framing and discourse analysis. 

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)

Currently he is working on an overview of the governance of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) by developing countries as well as analysing its development and implementation phases. The preferences among bilateral and some multilateral donors broadly align with the proposals on NAMAs that has emerged in the last eight years. One risk is that African NAMAs, which often focuses on the agriculture sector, will be underfunded. In addition, NAMAs that focuses on long-term transformation of energy systems may lack the needed long-term support and be restrained from demands on too rigid systems for measuring direct emission reductions. 

Green Climate Fund (GCF)

Fridahl also focuses on climate financing, especially various potential roles, as well as States' preferences for the Green Climate Fund (GCF). The fund has great potential to cover gaps in support for NAMAs, i.e. structural gaps that risk emerging from bilateral or private funding sources. One potential stumbling block in the negotiations on the Green Climate Fund, however, concerns the extent to which the promised long-term financing for climate action in poor countries should be administered by the GCF. There seems to be quite a broad consensus on the volume of public funds for support among negotiators, but little consensus on how much of these funds to be channelled through the GCF. 

Finally, Fridahl focuses on alignment between the global energy system models' preferences for bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), to limit climate change, and the politicians’ and the public’s preferences for these technologies. 

The research is based on data from the International Negotiations Survey, observations of UN negotiations, and data from various sources on nationally appropriate emission reduction measures in poor countries as well as modelling of emissions scenarios.



Alexander Olsson, Mathias Fridahl, Stefan Grönkvist (2024) Expectations on biochar as a climate solution in Sweden: Carbon dioxide removal with environmental co-benefits Renewable and Sustainable Energy Transition, Vol. 5, p. 100087-100087, Article 100087 Continue to DOI
Alexander Olsson, Emily Rodriguez, Anders Hansson, Sigrid Jansson, Mathias Fridahl (2024) Forerunner city or net-zero opportunist?: Carbon dioxide removal in Stockholm, residual emissions and risks of mitigation deterrence Energy Research & Social Science, Vol. 113, Article 103567 Continue to DOI
Naghmeh Nasiritousi, Alexandra Buylova, Mathias Fridahl, Gunilla Reischl (2024) Making the UNFCCC fit for purpose: A research agenda on vested interests and green spiralling Global Policy Continue to DOI
Mathias Fridahl (2024) Handel med utsläppskrediter inom ramen för Sveriges nationella och internationella klimatåtaganden
Baraka Ernest, Amna Eltigani, Pius Z. Yanda, Anders Hansson, Mathias Fridahl (2024) Evaluation of selected organic fertilizers on conditioning soil health of smallholder households in Karagwe, Northwestern Tanzania Heliyon, Vol. 10, Article e26059 Continue to DOI



Worms eye view of forest in day.

Below zero

The project promises to deliver timely and impactful research on how society can build robust and adaptive capacity to respond to BECCS deployment barriers.


Premises for bioenergy with carbon capture and storage

Climate scenarios for limiting temperature rise well below 2°C rely heavily on bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). This project assesses the socio-political prospects for deploying BECCS at the scales suggested in the scenarios.


Linköping University Climate Engineering Research Programme

As greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase, large-scale climate engineering seems to be more and more inevitable. The LUCE research programme is exploring the perceptions and opinions that surround the emergence of these high-risk technologies.



  • 2013 
    Lecturer in Water and Environmental Studies
  • 2008 
    Visiting researcher at the International Virtual Institute of Global Change on Energy Planning Programs (Coppe), the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
  • 2007
    PhD student in the Water and Environmental Studies Dissertation: Historical Responsibility: Assessing the Past in International Climate Negotiations
  • 2006
    Master in Environmental History at the University of Linköping. "The Concept of Historical Responsibility in the International Climate Change Negotiations"
  • 2005
    Bachelor's degree in Human Ecology at the University of Gothenburg "In the Service of Humanity ': an attempt at deconstructing The Swedish Strategy for Sustainable Development" 
  • 2004
    History C (41-60p), Linköping University "From the fairy-tale forests to ecological pornography: portrayal of human-nature relations in the Swedish Nature in 1952, 1962 and 1972"


  • 2015
    Member of the advisory panel, International climate politics, FORES
  • 2014
    IPCC’s Focal Point for Linköping University
  • 2010
    UNFCCC’s Designated Contact Point for Linköping University
  • 2011
    Member of the advisory board, Climate justice programme, Cogito


  • Sparbanksstiftelsen Alfa
  • Knut och Alice Wallenbergs jubileumsfond
  • Makarna Ingeniör Lars Henrik Fornander
  • Wala och Folke Danielsson fond

Networks and groups 

  • International Negotiations Survey 
  • New Climate Institute, Cologne/Berlin 
  • Energy Planing Programme, COPPE, UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro