Assoc. Prof. Feng Gao is leading a research group focusing on organic and perovskite semiconductors at Linköping University. He received an ERC Starting Grant in 2016 and is a Wallenberg Academy Fellow. He works at the interfaces between physics, chemistry, and materials science, focusing on the development of novel optoelectronic devices for energy technologies.


Assoc. Prof. Gao’s group dedicates its efforts to energy devices, such as solution-processed solar cells (see Highlight in Nature and paper in Nature Energy) and LEDs (see paper in Nature Photonics), with the ambition to both improve device performance and understand the underlying fundamentals. Their current investigations include organic semiconductors and metal halide perovskites, with research focuses such as:

  • Fullerene-free organic solar cells
  • Perovskite solar cells
  • Perovskite LEDs
  • Lead-free perovskites

Organic semiconductors

Organic semiconductors have a large potential in low-cost and large-area device applications, benefiting from cheap manufacturing processes such as solution-based roll-to-roll printing.

All device applications previously dominated by inorganic semiconductors have presented opportunities for their organic counterparts. Such applications include solar cells, LEDs, field-effect transistors, lasers, and memory devices.

Metal halide perovskites

Metal halide perovskites have emerged as one of the most popular semiconducting materials since 2009. They have shown unique properties, including:

  • Tunable bandgap
  • High absorption coefficient
  • Broad absorption spectrum
  • High charge carrier mobility
  • Long charge diffusion lengths

These properties enable metal halide perovskites to be used in a broad range of photovoltaic and other optoelectronic applications.

Solar cells

Although the current solar cell market is dominated by silicon-based devices, the recent emergence of solution-processed solar cells based on organic semiconductors and metal halide perovskites has shown great potential for commercial applications. For example, the power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells has soared from a few percent to over 20% within the past few years. Such a quick development has never before happened in the history of photovoltaics.


LEDs, which emit light by a solid-state process called electroluminescence, are considered the most promising energy-efficient technologies for future lighting and displays. Metal halide perovskites demonstrate strong photoluminescence and tunable emission energy, making them a promising candidate for the next generation of highly efficient LEDs.


Assoc. Prof. Gao's research group is financially supported by the following funding agencies:

Group and Supervision

Assoc. Prof. Feng Gao is deeply involved in both the scientific and career development of his group members. Three senior researchers in his group have been awarded the prestigious VINNMER Marie Curie Fellowship. He also values the exchange of ideas: he has sponsored members of his group in exchanges to the universities in Oxford and Cambridge, and his group has hosted visiting students and scholars from Zhejiang University, Nanjing University, Nanjing Tech University, City University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary University of London, and more.

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Lead-free perovskites: see News in MaterialsToday, Science Daily, ECN,,, AZO Materials, and Solar Daily.

Small voltage loss in organic solar cells: see News in OSA Direct, AZo Cleantech, Elektroniktidningen, Forskning,, Photonics Online, and Science Daily.

High-efficiency solar cells: see News in Nature, SolarPower, MaterialsViews, Svenska Dagbladet, Ny Teknik, Azo Nano, The Economic Times, YAHOO, ECN, Science Daily, and ETN

Working Experience

  • Since 2017, Associate Professor, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 2015—2017, Assistant Professor, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 2015—2016, Senior visiting scientist, University of Oxford, UK
  • 2013—2014, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 2012 Postdoctoral researcher, Linköping University, Sweden

Academic Degrees

  • 2016, Docent, Linköping University, Sweden
  • 2011, PhD, University of Cambridge, UK
  • 2007, M.S., Nanjing University, China
  • 2004, B.S., Nanjing University, China

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Select Publications



Xue Jia, Chuantian Zuo, Shuxia Tao, Kuan Sun, Yixin Zhao, Shangfeng Yang, Ming Cheng, Mingkui Wang, Yongbo Yuan, Junliang Yang, Feng Gao, Guichuan Xing, Zhanhua Wei, Lijun Zhang, Hin-Lap Yip, Mingzhen Liu, Qing Shen, Longwei Yin, Liyuan Han, Shengzhong Liu, Lianzhou Wang, Jingshan Luo, Hairen Tan, Zhiwen Jin, Liming Ding (2019) CsPb(IxBr1-x)(3) solar cells , SCIENCE BULLETIN , Vol. 64 , s. 1532-1539 Continue to DOI